Underemployment in the philippines

This covers all industries out there, no matter the field or occupation.

Underemployment in the philippines

Depending on the region, the media communicates in one of seven major dialects. The Philippine Board of Advertising PBA was organised in as the body responsible for the self-regulation of the advertising industry. The main agreement guiding the PBA is that all commercials must be submitted for screening and approval, prior to media exposure.

These figures indicated that advertising activity did not decline during the economic crisis of At the end of only half of the media had profits, while a quarter declared losses Carrion, Carrion took the view that on the whole advertising budgets for will be less thanalthough some major advertisers may increase allocations "with the forward-looking objective of improving market shares when markets return to normal.

Belonging to the top corporations, manufacturing, financial, and commercial establishments participated in the survey. About half of the corporate respondents conducted their own research within their organisation, whereas two out of five did some studies on their own as well as commission the services of a research agency.

Informal queries to the marketing research managers of large manufacturing concerns indicated that research budgets for were not expected to be substantially less than that ofbecause the cutbacks were in the advertising budgets which have been customarily far larger than research allocations.

An increasingly prevalent promotional activity in the Philippines is the sponsorship by major brands of entertainment shows. As in the rest of South-east Asia, mobile cinema or merely video films can be a crowd-drawer, especially in rural.

However, with the large number of cinemas throughout the Philippines, roadshows featuring live entertainment, traveling from town to town, have been a more effective promotional tool. Television, movie, or radio stars seen in person by their fans, reach the audience not only by entertaining them, but also by endorsing products.

In television top-rating live shows are usually comprised of various segments with different sponsors, which elicit audience participation in games or raffles.

Sponsored segments have become common in radio shows as well, usually relying on the announcer's popularity, who in a chatty-friend style. Unstructured advertisements have been written into the story-line of popular drama shows on radio and television, deriving its impact from the delivery by a major star.

Unconventional promotional tactics are apparently limitless, as a leading soap brand encouraged radio listeners to use its wrappers to write in their requests for songs dedicated on-air to their loved ones.

In view of the considerable Lime exposures of the products ana the comparatively lower fees, such as promotional tactics evidently maximise cost effectiveness during the period of budgetary constraints.

Another trend in Philippine marketing is the introduction of cheaper substitutes, mainly through product reformulations which use raw materials that are produced locally.

Encouraged by the success of the competitive Sorbetero Pilipino ice cream which specialised in native flavours, the market leader Magnolia diversified into the Sorbetes ice cream line which uses the abundant coconut oil as base rather than imported milk fats.

More recently Magnolia launched new flavours for the inexpensive " ice-drop" on a stick, which is a non-fact water-based formulation. Nestle milk products re-introduced the previously unsuccessful Vita which is a chocolate flavoured drink made from soya beans, an ingredient which is locally grown.

Although coffee is culstivated in the Philippines, Nescafe redirected their product development away from the higher-priced specialty coffee brands such as Master Roast and Decaf, to place in the Philippine market the new Sunrise brand which is described as an instant coffee blend with "added carbohydrates".

An inspection of outlets revealed that downsizing of major brands is a common practice during the period of unprecedented inflation. Many convenience goods are presently available in three to five sizes; and the extreme example is Blend 45 coffee which is packaged in seven sizes ranging from 30 grams to grams, in different types of decorative re-usable bottles.

The ever popular San Miguel beer can now be purchased not only in the regular 12 oz. Positioned originally by San Miguel Brewery as the beer with high alcohol content and in the largest bottle, Red Horse beer is now available in the smaller sized bottle referred to as the Colt.

As major brands have produced the gram bottles, Great Taste coffee is also marketing single-usage packets containing 1.

Underemployment in the philippines

Personal care products are now available in pocket-size bottles containing a quarter or less of the contents of the regular size.

Moreover, most shampoo brands can be bought in single-usage sachets, a form of packaging recently adopted as well by Close-up toothpaste. Normally packaged in tin cans, powdered milk is now offered in smaller units, packed in aluminum or plastic bags.

Recognising the importance of socio-economic classification to marketing, the Marketing and Opinion Research Society are presently conducting studies to standardize and validate research procedures. Concepcion a, b pioneered the investigation with a survey of Metro Manila households, which yielded evidence that reported household income had the highest correlation with the standard of living.

Correct classification of households improved when all five criteria were used; namely, general appearance of the residence, household appliances and vehicle ownership, household, income, education of the household head, and Occupation of the household head.

Reprinted in Table 6, his results showed that more respondents reported an improvement in their household incomes at the end of the year than in the beginning of This response was evidently due to the across-the-board salary adjustment ordered by the government, and the thirteenth month pay given in December.


The ''coping strategies' of the class DE housewives were investigated also by Robertowho proposed that regression of product usage follows a hierarchy of behaviours from the initial usage economization, to the later purchase reduction, substitution and elimination.

The study to be presented here pertains to the initial attempts in the Philippines to investigate the psychographic profiles of the socio-economic classes SECas well as of the other demographic factors of age, gender, and family life cycle FLC. The primary research objective was to verify the existence of psychographic differences between the three socio-economic classes, between the five age groups, between the two genders, and between the six stages of the family life cycle.

Underemployment in the philippines

The second objective was Lo identify which psychographic variables account for the differences between the demographic segments of the population.More than 4 in 10 Filipinos who are poor actually have jobs.

They continue to struggle with poverty because they are employed in poor-quality jobs that pay less than what their counterparts in manufacturing industries get. With member countries, staff from more than countries, and offices in over locations, the World Bank Group is a unique global partnership: five institutions working for sustainable solutions that reduce poverty and build shared prosperity in developing countries.

Historical Perspective in Consumer Research: National and International Perspectives, Pages CONSUMER TRENDS IN THE PHILIPPINES: MARKETING IN A DETERIORATING ECONOMY. ABSTRACT - As the continual devaluation of the peso increased production costs at the same time unprecedented inflation and unemployment rapidly eroded the purchasing power of consumers, large manufacturers in the Philippines responded with risk-oriented crisis marketing.

The most recent data () shows that immigrants comprised % of Canada’s population; in other words, one in five people were immigrants.

Labor policy in the Philippines - Wikipedia

Philippines Table of Contents. IN EARLY SPRING , as President Corazon C. Aquino approached the end of her term, there was no doubt that her administration had restored a functioning democratic system to the Philippines.

Consumer Trends in the Philippines: Marketing in a Deteriorating Economy by Corinna T. de Leon