Now, those creatures are gone because their spots have been taken by the friars and other mendicants that seem to fill every nook and cranny of the isle. And though the friars rape women, just as the incubi did in the days of the fairies, the friars only cause women dishonor—the incubi always got them pregnant.
Synopsis[ edit ] There was a knight in King Arthur 's time who raped a fair young maiden. King Arthur issues a decree that the knight must be brought to justice.
When the knight is captured, he is condemned to death, but Queen Guinevere intercedes on his behalf and asks the King to allow her to pass judgment upon him.
The Queen tells the knight that he will be spared his life if he can discover for her what it is that women most desire, and allots him a year and a day in which to roam wherever he pleases and return with an answer. Everywhere the knight goes he explains his predicament to the women he meets and asks their opinion, but "No two of those he questioned answered the same.
When at last the time comes for him to return to the Court, he still lacks the answer he so desperately needs. Outside a castle in the woods, he sees twenty-four maidens dancing and singing, but when he approaches they disappear as if by magic, and The wife of baths tale that is left is an old woman.
The Knight explains the problem to the old woman, who is wise and may know the answer, and she forces him to promise to grant any favour she might ask of him in return.
With no other options left, the Knight agrees.
Arriving at the court, he gives the answer that women most desire sovereignty over their husbands, which is unanimously agreed to be true by the women of the court who, accordingly, free the Knight. The old woman then explains to the court the deal she has struck with the Knight, and publicly requests his hand in marriage.
Although aghast, he realises he has no other choice and eventually agrees. On their wedding night the old woman is upset that he is repulsed by her in bed. She reminds him that her looks can be an asset—she will be a virtuous wife to him because no other men would desire her.
She asks him what he would prefer—an old ugly wife who is loyal, true and humble or a beautiful young woman about whom he would always have doubts concerning her faithfulness. The Knight responds by saying that the choice is hers, an answer which pleases her greatly.
Now that she has won power over him, she asks him to kiss her, promising both beauty and fidelity. The Knight turns to look at the old woman again, but now finds a young and lovely woman.
They live happily into old age together. In the beginning the wife expresses her views in which she believes the morals of women is not merely that they all solely desire "sovereignty", but that each individual woman should have the opportunity to make the decision. Well I know Abraham was a holy man, and Jacob as well, as far as I know, and each of them had more than two wives.
And many other holy men did as well. When have you seen that in any time great God forbade marriage explicitly? Tell me, I Pray you. The tale confronts the double standard and the social belief in the inherent inferiority of women, and attempts to establish a defence of secular women's sovereignty that opposes the conventions available to her.
Feminist critique[ edit ] The Wife of Bath's Prologue simultaneously enumerates and critiques the long tradition of misogyny in ancient and medieval literature. As Cooper notes, the Wife of Bath's "materials are part of the vast medieval stock of antifeminism ",  giving St.
Jerome 's Adversus Jovinianumwhich was "written to refute the proposition put forward by one Jovinianus that virginity and marriage were of equal worth", as one of many examples. Further evidence of this can be found through her observation: Her decision to include God as a defence for her lustful appetites is significant, as it shows how well-read she is.
By the same token, her interpretations of Scripture, such as Paul on marriage are tailored to suit her own purposes. Her repeated acts of remarriage, for instance, are an example of how she mocks "clerical teaching concerning the remarriage of widows".
While she gleefully confesses to the many ways in which she falls short of conventional ideals for women, she also points out that it is men who constructed those ideals in the first place. Who painted the lion, tell me who?
By God, if women had written stories, As clerks have within their studies, They would have written of men more wickedness Than all the male sex could set right. Through her nonconformity to the expectations of her role as a wife, the audience is shown what proper behaviour in marriage should be like.
Carruthers' essay outlines the existence of deportment books, the purpose of which was to teach women how to be model wives. Carruthers notes how the Wife's behaviour in the first of her marriages "is almost everything the deportment-book writers say it should not be.
Use our free chapter-by-chapter summary and analysis of The Canterbury Tales: The Wife of Bath's Tale. It helps middle and high school students understand Geoffrey Chaucer's literary masterpiece. The Wife of Bath's Tale itself is way more than just a tale. It's also a lesson about what women want. That lesson is delivered by a loathly lady. Some people think that she might be a stand-in, or alter ego, for the Wife of Bath herself. Intrigued? Good. Wife E}athts Tale" for in the main pðt:lt W', th a I the Fii*r they travel It: inte intettu [ices 1 gory or 0' as a a in n a READING ANALYZING. may Ices narrate ity a Think Critically Cooperative Learning Activ Connect to Life Fri'S attitudes, Comparing Texts Detail Evidence ACTIVE READING.
Moreover, deportment books taught women that "the husband deserves control of the wife because he controls the estate";  it is clear that the Wife is the one who controls certain aspects of her husband's behaviour in her various marriages.
Cooper also notes that behaviour in marriage is a theme that emerges in the Wife of Bath's Prologue; neither the Wife nor her husbands conform to any conventional ideals of marriage.The wife is not only faithful and good, but also obedient to her husband for the rest of their lives together.
The Wife concludes her story by praying Jesus to send women "housbondes meke, yonge, and fresshe a-bedde / and grace to'overbyde hem that we wedde" ().
Wife E}athts Tale" for in the main pðt:lt W', th a I the Fii*r they travel It: inte intettu [ices 1 gory or 0' as a a in n a READING ANALYZING.
may Ices narrate ity a Think Critically Cooperative Learning Activ Connect to Life Fri'S attitudes, Comparing Texts Detail Evidence ACTIVE READING. The Wife of Bath's Prologue and Tale (Cambridge School Chaucer) [Geoffrey Chaucer, Valerie Allen, David Kirkham] on regardbouddhiste.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
Six-hundred-year-old tales with modern regardbouddhiste.com: Geoffrey Chaucer. For an overview of the Wife of Bath and her tale, visit the EDSITEment-reviewed Geoffrey Chaucer Website for background on the Wife's Prologue and her tale.
To review the pronunciation guide for Middle English, read the "Teach Yourself to Read Chaucer's Middle English" guide at the Geoffrey Chaucer Website. The Wife of Bath's Tale (Middle English: the Tale of the Wyf of Bathe) is among the best-known of Geoffrey Chaucer's Canterbury Tales.
It provides insight into the role of women in the Late Middle Ages and was probably of interest to Chaucer himself, for the character is one of his most developed ones, with her Prologue twice as long as her Tale. The tale the Wife of Bath tells about the transformation of an old hag into a beautiful maid was quite well known in folk legend and poetry.
One of Chaucer’s contemporaries, the poet John Gower, wrote a version of the same tale that was very popular in Chaucer’s time.