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Three components are required in order to be a CoP: Jean Lave and Etienne Wenger in and further elaborated in Inthe theorist Etienne Wenger extended the concept and applied it to other domains, such as organizations. With the flourishing of online communities on the Internet, as well as the increasing need for improved knowledge management, there has been much more interest as of late in communities of practice.
People see them as ways of promoting innovation, developing social capital, facilitating and spreading knowledge within a group, spreading existing tacit knowledge, etc. Communities of Practice can be defined, in part, as a process of social learning that occurs when people who have a common interest in a subject or area collaborate over an extended period of time, sharing ideas and strategies, determine solutions, and build innovations.
Wenger gives a simple definition: Learning can be, and often is, an incidental outcome that accompanies these social processes. One needs to distinguish between what is a CoP and what is not. There are three required components of CoPs: There needs to be a domain.
A CoP has an identity defined by a shared domain of interest e. Membership implies a commitment to the domain. There needs to be a community. A necessary component is that members of a specific domain interact and engage in shared activities, help each other, and share information with each other.
They build relationships that enable them to learn from each other. In this way, merely sharing the same job does not necessitate a CoP. A static website on hunting in itself is not a community of practice.
There needs to be people who interact and learn together in order for a CoP to be formed. Note that members do not necessarily work together daily, however. Wenger points to the example of Impressionist painters who sometimes met in cafes to discuss their painting styles.
He indicates that even though these men normally painted alone, these kinds of interactions were essential to making them a CoP. There needs to be a practice: A CoP is not just people who have an interest in something e.
The third requirement for a CoP is that the members are practitioners. They develop a shared repertoire of resources which can include stories, helpful tools, experiences, stories, ways of handling typical problems, etc.
This kind of interaction needs to be developed over time. A conversation with a random stranger who happens to be an expert on a subject matter that interests you does not in itself make a CoP.
Informal conversations held by people of the same profession e. Communities develop their practice through a variety of methods, including:Scope of practice describes the services that a qualified health professional is deemed competent to perform, and permitted to undertake – in keeping with the terms of their professional license.
1 1 Community Practice An Introduction Social: adj. of or relating to society or its organization.1 President Obama started his career as a community organizer on the South Side of Chicago, where he saw fi rsthand what people can do when they come together for a. Directions This is a test of your skills in analyzing social studies information.
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