Tamil is a language of two countries, Singapore and Sri Lanka. It has official status in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu and it is also used as one of the languages of education in Malaysia, along with English, Malay and Mandarin.
Tamil is also spoken by significant minorities in the four other South Indian states of Kerala, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Telangana and it is one of the 22 scheduled languages of India. Tamil is one of the classical languages in the world. Tamil-Brahmi inscriptions from BC have been found on Adichanallur and 2 and it has been described as the only language of contemporary India which is recognizably continuous with a classical past.
The variety and quality of classical Tamil literature has led to it being described as one of the classical traditions. A recorded Tamil literature has been documented for over years, the earliest period of Tamil literature, Sangam literature, is dated from ca.
It has the oldest extant literature among other Dravidian languages, the earliest epigraphic records found on rock edicts and hero stones date from around the 3rd century BC. Tamil language inscriptions written in Brahmi script have been discovered in Sri Lanka, the two earliest manuscripts from India, acknowledged and registered by the UNESCO Memory of the World register in andwere written in Tamil.
InPortuguese Christian missionaries published a Tamil prayer book in old Tamil script named Thambiraan Vanakkam, the Tamil Lexicon, published by the University of Madras, was one of the earliest dictionaries published in the Indian languages.
According to a survey, there were 1, newspapers published in Tamil, Tamil belongs to the southern branch of the Dravidian languages, a family of around 26 languages native to the Indian subcontinent.
It is also classified as being part of a Tamil language family, the closest major relative of Tamil is Malayalam, the two began diverging around the 9th century CE. According to linguists like Bhadriraju Krishnamurti, Tamil, as a Dravidian language, descends from Proto-Dravidian, linguistic reconstruction suggests that Proto-Dravidian was spoken around the third millennium BC, possibly in the region around the lower Godavari river basin in peninsular India.
The material evidence suggests that the speakers of Proto-Dravidian were of the associated with the Neolithic complexes of South India.
The next phase in the reconstructed proto-history of Tamil is Proto-South Dravidian, the linguistic evidence suggests that Proto-South Dravidian was spoken around the middle of the second millennium BC, and that proto-Tamil emerged around the 3rd century BC.
The earliest epigraphic attestations of Tamil are generally taken to have been shortly thereafter 2. As ofthe town had a population of 67, Dharapuram was part of the Chera kingdom until A. Inwhen Tippu fell to the British, the East Indian Company took over administration of this region, Dharapuram attained the status of a Municipality in the year and it was promoted to first grade municipality on May 9, Dharapuram town is situated along 9.
According to census, Dharapuram had a population of 65, with a sex-ratio of 1, females for every 1, males, a total of 5, were under the age of six, constituting 2, males and 2, females.
Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes accounted for The town had a total of households, as per the religious census ofDharapuram had Dharapuram is located at It is strategically located in the line of Palakkad pass which provides the wind that activates the towns numerous windmills, the area has a significant water shortage.
The town features a hot semi-arid climate. Agriculture is the industry in Dharapuram. There are textile mills, rice mills, oil processing plants, Dharapuram has been reserved constituency from to still day. The assembly constituency is part of Erode, V.
Kalimuthu is a present member of the Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly from the Dharapuram constituency. Dharapuram Revenue division consists of Dharapuram taluk and Kangeyam taluk, the nearest railway station is Palani and the nearest airport is Coimbatore International Airport.
Nagesh, film actor S. Tamil Nadu — Tamil Nadu is one of the 29 states of India. Its capital and largest city is Chennai, Tamil Nadu lies in the southernmost part of the Indian Peninsula and is bordered by the union territory of Puducherry and the South Indian states of Kerala, Karnataka, and Andhra Pradesh.
The state shares a border with the nation of Sri Lanka. Tamil Nadu is the eleventh-largest state in India by area and the sixth-most populous, the state was ranked sixth among states in India according to the Human Development Index inwith the second-largest state economy after Maharashtra.
Tamil Nadu was ranked as one of the top seven developed states in India based on a Multidimensional Development Index in a report published by the Reserve Bank of India and its official language is Tamil, which is one of the longest-surviving classical languages in the world.
Tamil Nadu is home to natural resources.
In addition, its people have developed and continue classical arts, classical music, historic buildings and religious sites include Hindu temples of Tamil architecture, hill stations, beach resorts, multi-religious pilgrimage sites, and eight UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
Archaeological evidence points to this area being one of the longest continuous habitations in the Indian peninsula, the ASI archaeologists have proposed that the script used at that site is very rudimentary Tamil Brahmi.
Adichanallur has been announced as a site for further excavation. A Neolithic stone celt with the Indus script on it was discovered at Sembian-Kandiyur near Mayiladuthurai in Tamil Nadu, according to epigraphist Iravatham Mahadevan, this was the first datable artefact bearing the Indus script to be found in Tamil Nadu.
Mahadevan claimed that the find was evidence of the use of the Harappan language, the date of the celt was estimated at between BCE and BCE. The early history of the people and rulers of Tamil Nadu is a topic in Tamil literary sources known as Sangam literature, numismatic, archaeological and literary sources corroborate that the Sangam period lasted for about six centuries, from BC to AD Trade flourished in commodities such as spices, ivory, pearls, beads, Chera traded extensively from Muziris on the west coast, Chola from Arikamedu and Puhar and Pandya through Korkai port.
A Greco-Roman trade and travel document, the Periplus of the Erythraean Sea gives a description of the Tamil country, besides these three dynasties, the Sangam era Tamilakam was also divided into various provinces named nadu, meaning country 4.The Dance of the Sarus: Essays of a Wandering Naturalist by S.
Theodore Baskaran and a great selection of similar Used, New and Collectible Books . History Through the Lens: Perspectives on South Indian Cinema by S. Theodore Baskaran and a great selection of similar Used, New and Collectible Books available now at regardbouddhiste.com The Dance of the Sarus spans a wide range and contains observations on little known creatures of the north-eastern hills; it documents the bird mystery of Haflong; and it contains interviews with conservationists like Salim .
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[S Theodore Baskaran] -- Collection of essays on little . Quotes by S. Theodore Baskaran “Unconnected to this practice, in a recent move, the Government of India has banned the import of foreign breeds for breeding purposes.
This has been done through an order of the Director General of Foreign Trade. ”4/5(17).