Assessment Are you one of the many students who cram in hours upon hours of studying the night before an exam that has been stressing you out all week? You wake up the next morning nervous and full of anxiety, just to take the same test as everyone else, under the same conditions as everyone else. Standardized tests were made to test the knowledge of a student over a particular course or subject. The ACT and SAT, for example, are composed of four multiple choice sections usually including math, english, science and reading.
However, if you step back and look at it objectively, it becomes clear that it is neither.
Standardized testing has both positive and negative aspects and when used effectively can play a significant role in bettering the education of our students. The key, of course, is using the results effectively. There are some who believe strongly in either direction.
In addition to the pros and cons listed below, you can read more arguments supporting standardized testingand an argument against standardized testing. Positive Aspects of Standardized Testing 1 Standardized testing gives teachers guidance to help them determine what to teach students and when to teach it.
The net result is less wasted instructional time and a simplified way of timeline management.
This can also indicate how your local area is doing compared against the national landscape. When students take the same type of test yearly adjusted for grade level it is easy to see if a student is improving, losing ground academically, or staying about the same.
For example, if a child is taking a norm-referenced test and scores in the 75th percentile in the sixth grade and the 80th percentile in the seventh grade, you can see that the child is gaining ground in school.
This helps determine how a child is doing academically.
For example, this makes it easy to see how boys are performing as compared to girls in a particular school or district. Over the years great improvements have been made with regards to test bias, which has led to more accurate assessments and comparisons. Negative Aspects of Standardized Testing 1 Many teachers are unjustly accused of teaching to the test.
Most do not do this, but some feel so much pressure for their students to achieve a specific score that they do end up teaching to the test, whether they want to or not. This can lead to negative health consequences as well as feelings of negativity directed at school and learning in general.
Read more here about how to help students deal with this stress. I once tutored a 5th grader who did not know what a recipe was.
If a standardized test was to ask questions directed at a recipe, that child would have been at a huge disadvantage because most fifth grade students know and have had at least some experience dealing with recipes, but she did not.
There is just no way to know for certain that every child being tested has a fair amount of knowledge going into the test. Standardized Testing Uses The key to student success on standardized tests is balance.
Those in charge need to step back and take into account both the good and the bad things about testing and find a way to help students succeed without causing them too much stress. Will there ever be an end to the constant back and forth between testing advocates and those against standardized testing?
I believe the key is to use the test results as a guide for teachers, parents, and students. They should also be used, in a limited capacity, to assess how well schools are doing.Elite College Link is an education consulting company that works together with motivated students and their parents to release the potential of our students to attain exceptional results in higher education.
Portfolios are collections of student activities, accomplishments and achievements to demonstrate growth over time, offering an alternative authentic assessment for students and teachers. Complexity characterises the behaviour of a system or model whose components interact in multiple ways and follow local rules, meaning there is no reasonable higher instruction to define the various possible interactions..
The term is generally used to characterize something with many parts where those parts interact with each other in multiple ways, culminating in a higher order of emergence. Advertiser Disclosure.
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The instructional strategies outlined in this chapter reflect a sampling of the most exciting and determined efforts to change the way the United States educates its citizens.
The Disadvantages of Standardized Testing. 1. Puts Teachers In A Box When the sole focus of the school year is placed on preparing students for a standardized test, it makes it very difficult for teachers to teach the way that they want, or the way that their students need.