What You Can Do Where there are animals, there is animal waste, and as the growth of industrial farming concentrates thousands of animals on increasingly fewer farms, it produces massive amounts of animal waste on relatively small plots of land. While government regulation and better waste management practices can make a difference and should be encouraged for existing farms, the problem of livestock waste will never end so long as we rely on concentrated industrial farms to produce our food. F One dairy farm with 2, cows produces as much waste as a city with aroundresidents.
The current rules for CAFOs that cover surface water discharges were finalized in Inthe Government Accountability Office estimated that it " Manure applied to fields in well-managed livestock farms can be a part of regenerative agriculture and can help to rebuild soil quality. Unfortunately, under current farming practices, such farms represent a small percentage of livestock production.
Factory farming dominates the livestock landscape and the large quantities of manure produced from those farms is a big problem. Only so much manure can be applied to fields before the soil becomes overloaded with nutrients like nitrogen and phosphorous.
Beyond field application, management strategies include liquefying and spraying manure onto fields, trucking it off-site, or storing it in deep pits under buildings, in clay or concrete pits, in treatment lagoons or in holding ponds.
Each of these management strategies has weaknesses and according to the Centers for Disease Control CDCpollutants, including nutrients, pathogens and heavy metals, inevitably find their way into local waterways, including both surface and groundwater.
A USGS study of 2, wells released in showed that, especially for those in agricultural regions, nitrates are a major contaminant of concern in private groundwater wells.
So, it was a big deal in when, in a first of its kind ruling, a judge in a Yakima, Washington case determined that manure can be regulated as a solid waste and, when over-applied, constitutes "a violation of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act RCRAwhich was enacted by Congress in to protect people and the environment from solid and hazardous waste.
Other options to mitigate the contamination were unsuccessful, so a group of neighbors, led by a cherry farmer, brought the case under RCRA. Then, in the court of right and wrong, we all win.
Public Justice Fact Sheet.Industrial Livestock Production. Introduction. Livestock farming, raising animals as a source of food for people, has undergone a substantial transformation over the past few decades.
over the past few decades. Production of cattle, hogs, and chickens has shifted from smaller, family-owned farms to large-scale industrial agricultural. The vast quantities of manure can — and do — make their way into the local environment where they pollute the air and water.
Food Safety Risks Factory farms can create other health hazards because they are over-crowded and stressful to animals, making it easy for disease to spread. 1 Throughout this report, the term “industrial livestock operations” will be used to describe large concentrated animal feeding operations.
Because the focus of this report is the hog and dairy sectors, we will use the term to refer. The Farm Bill opened up EQIP for use by industrial livestock operations, which house thousands of animals and generate massive quantities of manure.
Factory farms hold large numbers of animals, typically cows, pigs, turkeys, or chickens, often indoors, typically at high densities. The aim of the operation is to produce large quantities of meat, eggs, or milk at the lowest possible cost.
Food is supplied in place.
industrial livestock production concentrates large numbers of animals in one area. As a result, there is too much manure concentrated in one area for the land to handle.
Manure is stored in large holding pits, lagoons, or stock piled.