Having a Glossary meant I could reduce the text on most pages, while expanding background for the definitions, and relating the ideas to other similar, contradictory, or more basic ideas. Why Bother with Definitions?
Review of related literature is conducted to enable the researcher to get a clear understanding about the specific field of study. It also the researcher to have an insight into the tested methods, procedures and interpretations of similar studies conducted elsewhere.
Considerable amount of literature is available regarding application of Information Communication Technology ICT in libraries professional, development and continuing education needs of library professionals.
But studies are relatively few regarding the impact of ICT on professional development and educational needs of library professionals.
A survey of the literature found that most of the studies are reported from foreign countries and that such studies are not given due importance by the researchers in library and information science.
An attempt is made in this chapter to present a survey of the literature available in India and abroad under the subheadings listed below. The studies are further grouped under national, international and arranged in a chronological sequence.
While gone through the published literature on various publications related to study. It has been found that no concentrated efforts has been made to study the proposed topic i. Human Resource Implication of resource and technical developments essay in Information Communication environment.
It has been also observed in the published literature that few studies have already been conduct by some library scientist on various aspects of Human Resource Development.
Some Articles has already been appeared in some library journals but these contain scattered information and lacks depth in sight of the subject. Abha, 1 et al. Adeyinka3 examines the attitudinal correlates of some selected Nigerian librarians towards the use and application of ICT in various libraries.
The survey instrument used for the collection of data was a computer anxiety and attitude towards microcomputer utilization CAATMU scale and a librarian attitude questionnaire. The analysis of results show that all the four out of the five variables age, gender, educational qualifications and knowledge of ICT significantly correlate with librarian attitude towards ICT; while the variable ICT anxiety correlate negatively with the attitude of librarian towards ICT.
The study emphasizes the need for libraries to embark on training their librarian who does not have knowledge of ICT. Adeyoyin4 surveys the levels of ICT literacy among library staff in Nigerian libraries.
The questionnaire method was used for this study. The data, collected on a self-assessment basis, covered 18 Nigerian university libraries. It shows that Nigerian university libraries, which form the basis of knowledge for the country, do not have professional librarians whose skill-set is adequate to meet the ICT applications which are indispensable for the acquisition, organization, provision and dissemination of knowledge.
Library management for its part, should acknowledge the wide-ranging benefits of both ICT and raise levels of ICT literacy for university libraries and their mother institutions. Adeyoyin5 reports a survey conducted among the professionals, paraprofessionals and other members of staff of 28 university libraries in West Africa to ascertain the information and communication technology ICT literacy level among the staff of English-speaking university library staff and their counterparts in French-speaking university libraries.
The results show that out of about professional librarians, only of them were ICT literate while the remaining professional librarians were ICT non-literate.
Some of the findings were that; there was a need for knowledge acquisition among the librarians in Nigerian university libraries to be able to offer efficient services in the emerging ICT era and that the ICT literacy among the librarians was low and hands-on practical experience was lacking among the librarians in some cases.
The application of information and communication technology in West African university libraries and their subsequent use require that these technologies should become part of library staff training.
The quality or level of knowledge and skills the human resources are having in Nigeria play a very significant role in the success or failure of the organization in various citadels of learning. Al-Qallaf and Al-Azmi7 in a survey study the availability and use of information technology in public libraries in Kuwait.
Factors impeding the development of information technology are planning funding, human resources, and building structure. The survey results also show that there is a positive attitude among library personnel towards IT.
Ansari8 has conducted a study in Human Resource Development of Central Universities libraries in thus he has evaluated the system of Human Resource Development and formulate the learning support system in the university libraries. Ashcroft and Watts9 in a study of ICT Skills for Information Professionals in Nigeria observes that Information professionals are increasingly required to adapt their skills and practice in order to gain an awareness of technological advances.
A research project based at Moores University LJMU investigated the provision of electronic information resources in Nigerian libraries. Focusing on Nigeria as an example of a developing country, the project examined existing electronic information resources and identified barriers obstructing the effective provision of electronic information.
Frequently occurring comments stressed the need for increased ICT literacy, trainings and retraining of staff.
Biddiscombe10 illustrate the Internet and IT skills that are required by information professionals in their support for learning, teaching and research within the changing context of the higher education sector in the UK and the development of managed or virtual learning environments.
The author stresses that though IT skills, particularly in relation to the Internet are essential, some of the more basic skills that are important to the information professional should not be abandoned.
Chaudhary11 reports the continuing education needs of librarians and information professionals in the University libraries of Pakistan. The study explores the needs of university librarians in Pakistan and Azad Jammu and Kashmir, and determines the obstacles to the continuing education programs.
It also tries to identify different methods to motivate librarians toward continuing education programs.
It is expected that the results of this study will be of practical importance to design continuing education programs for the university librarians. Chisengs12 surveys the use of internet for professionals development by library professionals in Sub-Saharan Africa.
A survey of 47 librarians through mailed questionnaire reveals that internet and electronic mail facilities are mainly accessed at workplaces. The use of facilities for accessing E-journals, discussion groups and other web resources was quite low and in some cases nonexistent due to the shortage of computers, poor telecommunication lines and inadequate internet use skills.
The study finds that the library professionals have the opinion that internet could play an important part in facilitating professional networking and sharing of information.Essay on Information Technology Information technology (IT) is the application of computers and telecommunications equipment to store, retrieve, transmit and manipulate data, often in the context of a business or other enterprise..
Misc thoughts, memories, proto-essays, musings, etc. And on that dread day, the Ineffable One will summon the artificers and makers of graven images, and He will command them to give life to their creations, and failing, they and their creations will be dedicated to the flames.
A newly released study, produced with help from eight universities, found some good news. Between and , the global impact of human activities on the terrestrial environment is expanding more slowly than the rates of economic and/or population growth.
The thunder-and-lightning example seems like a bad comparison for this kind of situation, in that the false claim is (1) easily observable to be untrue, and (2) utterly useless to the society that propagates it. Disclaimer: This work has been submitted by a student.
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Addresses many global questions regarding Trends and Developments In Health and Environment, Psycho-Social Transition, corrections and rehabilitation, integrated health and education. About how, why, when, & where we are evolving as human beings or NOT so much.
A Multi-Level look at challenges for Mankind getting through the melenium's 1st decade, 1st century, and beyond; cross-disciplinary.