Aim of stylistics is to study the varieties of a language in as much detail as possible, so that we can point to the formal linguistics features, which characterize them and understand the restrictions on their use. To identify and analyse language habits and those features of language, which are restricted to certain kinds of social contexts. To explain, why these features have been used as opposed to other alternatives 3.
Michael Halliday is an important figure in the development of British stylistics. Dialect refers to the habitual language of a particular user in a specific geographical or social context. Register describes the choices made by the user,  choices which depend on three variables: Fowler comments that English stylistics fields produce different language, most obviously at the level of vocabulary Fowler.
Downes recognises two distinct aspects within English stylistics category of mode and suggests that not only does it describe the relation to the medium: Halliday refers to genre as pre-coded language, language that has not simply been used before, but that predetermines the selection of textual meanings.
The linguist William Downes makes the point that the principal characteristic of register, no matter how peculiar or diverse, is that it is obvious and immediately recognisable Downes.
For example, the compact language of poetry is more likely to reveal the secrets of its construction to the stylistician than is the language of plays and novels Crystal.
Poetry[ edit ] As well as conventional styles of language there are the unconventional — the most obvious of which is poetry. In Practical Stylistics, HG Widdowson examines the traditional form of the epitaphas found on headstones in a cemetery.
His memory is dear today As in the hour he passed away. Nevertheless, Widdowson recognises that they are a very real attempt to convey feelings of human loss and preserve affectionate recollections of a beloved friend or family member.
However, what may be seen as poetic in this language is not so much in the formulaic phraseology but in where it appears.
The verse may be given undue reverence precisely because of the sombre situation in which it is placed. Widdowson suggests that, unlike words set in stone in a graveyard, poetry is unorthodox language that vibrates with inter-textual implications Widdowson.
An Examination of Critical Methods. The first is that there may be an over-preoccupation with one particular feature that may well minimise the significance of others that are equally important Wetherill. The second is that any attempt to see a text as simply a collection of stylistic elements will tend to ignore other ways whereby meaning is produced Wetherill.
Implicature may be divided into two categories: The strongest implicature is what is emphatically implied by the speaker or writer, while weaker implicatures are the wider possibilities of meaning that the hearer or reader may conclude.
Like as the waves make towards the pebbled shore, So do our minutes hasten to their end Love, all alike, no season knows nor clime, Nor hours, days months, which are the rags of time This, in part, is stylistics, and this, according to Widdowson, is the point of poetry Widdowson.Many people come to stylistics having studied English literature, which demands a very different set of skills.
Analysing a text stylistically is unlike doing a 'literary' analysis as it needs to be much more objective and rooted in fact.
VERNACULAR STYLE (STYLE OF LANGUAGE CONVERSATION) It is the most commonly used kind of English and the least marked kind of situational influenced English.
Conversation has no comparable situational specificity and it is a very convenient kind of English. In addition, stylistics is a distinctive term that may be used to determine the connections between the form and effects within a particular variety of language.
Therefore, stylistics looks at what is 'going on' within the language; what the linguistic associations are that the style of language reveals. Jan 11, · Style of English is divided into 4 groups: phonetics style, grammatical style, lexical style and semantics style. Stylistics is a branch of applied linguistics concerned with the study of style in texts, especially, but not exclusively, in literary works.
Also called literary linguistics, stylistics focuses on the figures, tropes, and other rhetorical devices used to provide variety and a distinctness to someone's writing. Victoria Zhukovska.
Download with Google Download with Facebook or download with email. English stylistics: fundamentals of theory and practice.