Hindu marriage is an important institution and it is based on religion, religious rites and for the pursuit of religion.
Marriage Patterns in Rural India: Influence of Sociocultural Context Shireen J. Jejeebhoy and Shiva S. Halli There is considerable agreement that notable changes have occurred in India in the timing of marriage.
For example, the singulate mean age at marriage of females increased from However, regional variation is quite evident.
For example, in the median age at first marriage was Less is known about regional differences and trends in marriage patterns, such as endogamy, postmarital residence patterns, spousal age and educational differences, dowry, and the extent to which women have a say in determining timing and partner, on the one hand, and the disbursal of their dowries on the other.
Also poorly understood is the extent to which changes in these patterns are conditioned by sociocultural factors such as region and religion and their association with female autonomy.
A unique data set provides an opportunity to explore marriage patterns and differences among successive cross-sections of Hindu and Muslim women who were married in the roughly 25 years from to in two socioculturally heterogeneous settings, namely rural areas of Uttar Pradesh and Tamil Nadu.
The intention of this chapter is to describe differences in marital age and patterns among successive marital age cohorts and explore the extent to which differences emerge by region and religion.
Many arguments have been postulated to explain increases in marital age. Some would attribute the increase as a response to a marriage squeeze rather than as an outcome of increased educational attainment, which they argue is not advanced enough to be incompatible with early marriage Bhat Page Share Cite Suggested Citation: Influence of Sociocultural Context--Shireen J.
The National Academies Press. They argue that India has begun to face an excess supply of women of marriageable ages because of changes such as declining infant and child mortality and the reduction in numbers of widowers available as maternal mortality declined, as well as because women tend to marry men who are older than them.
This view would argue that this change resulted in both a longer search for a suitable husband and higher dowries Amin and Cain, ; Bhat and Halli, ; Caldwell, Reddy, and Caldwell, ; Rao, Others would argue that increases in marital age may be attributed to shifts in the education of boys and girls and the imposition of a legal minimum age at marriage Amin and Cain, It is well known that marriage patterns reflect a fundamental difference between women from north and south India, and Hindu and Muslim women see, e.
However, the extent to which these patterns are changing over time is less well studied. For example, there has been considerable public education on the problems associated with early marriage and laws against marriage to females under 19 and these, along with a growing recognition of the importance of educating females, would argue for an increase in marital age.
Legal sanctions exist, at least in theory, against the practice of dowry; yet the consumer culture and the greater education levels of young males are argued to have prompted families to demand larger dowries than before.
In the more patriarchal kinship structure prevailing in the north, and particularly among the Hindus, marriage is regarded as an alliance of two families and involves the incorporation of outsiders as wives into the family. The resulting village exogamy prevailing in the north ensures a break between the natal family and the family into which a woman is married: In contrast, north Indian Muslims are much more likely than Hindus to marry kin, and less likely to practice village exogamy.
In the south, both Hindu and Muslim women enjoy less alienating marriage ties. Here, marriage is more a means of consolidating existing kinship networks than a political alliance. In Tamil Nadu, marriages often take place among affines. As in the north, the practice of dowry is common. Although in the north the pattern and flow of resources is strictly one way, even after marriage Das Gupta,in Tamil Nadu, women themselves appear to have more control over their dowries.
Uttar Pradesh in the north, in which the situation of women is especially poor, and Tamil Nadu in the south, where gender relations are somewhat more balanced, and women are relatively better off.Examine some of the reasons for the changing patterns in marriage and divorce in the last 40 years (24 marks) In the last 40 years, there have been some major changes in family and household patterns.
Explaining the Changing Patterns of Marriage Posted on March 29, by Karl Thompson Sociological explanations for the long term decline in marriage include changing gender roles, the impact of feminism and female empowerment, economic factors such as the increasing cost of living and the individualisation associated with postmodernism.
October Marriage and divorce: patterns by gender, race, and educational attainment.
Using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY79), this article examines marriages and divorces of young baby boomers born during the – period.
Reasons for these transformations in patterns of marriage may reflect the fact that society as a whole is changing, consequently the norms and values on which society functions are also changing, it is no longer frowned upon to conceive a child outside of wedlock (Taylor et al, ).
Over the past 40 years patterns of marriage, the legal binding of a couple, and cohabitation, an unmarried couple living together in a sexual relationship, have fluctuated. Whilst the number of first-time marriages has declined, remarriages have increased.
A church is the lowest, primary schools are #2, college #3, bars #4, and introductions among friends #1. How people are meeting has changed and even how marriage has evolved over the centuries is even more interesting from a cyclical perspective.
The Economist stated that the first personal advertisement for marriage took place back in