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The principles of military strategy emerged at least as far back as BC in the works of Sun Tzu and Chanakya. One of these strategies was shown in the battle between Greek city states and Persia.
The Battle of Thermopylae in which the Greek forces were outnumbered stood as a good military strategy. The Greek allied forces ultimately lost the battle, but Battle strategies of wwi training, use of armor, and location allowed them to defeat many Persian troops before losing.
In the end, the Greek alliance lost the battle but not the war as a result of that strategy which continued on to the battle of Plataea. The Battle of Plataea in BC resulted in a victory for the Greeks against Persia, which exemplified that military strategy was extremely beneficial to defeating a numerous enemy.
Early strategies included the strategy of annihilation, exhaustion, attrition warfarescorched earth action, blockadeguerrilla campaign, deception and feint.
Ingenuity and adeptness were limited only by imagination, accord, and technology. Strategists continually exploited ever-advancing technology. By steady and meticulous implementation of this strategy, Genghis and his descendants were able to conquer most of Eurasia.
All other necessities would be foraged and plundered. Through maneuver and continuous assault, ChinesePersianArab and Eastern European armies could be stressed until they collapsed, and were then annihilated in pursuit and encirclement.
When confronted with a fortified city, the Mongol imperatives of maneuver and speed required that it be quickly subdued. Here the terror engendered by the bloody reputation of the Mongolians helped to intimidate and subdue. So too did primitive biological warfare.
A trebuchet or other type of ballista weapon would be used to launch dead animals and corpses into a besieged city, spreading disease and death, such as the Black Plague.
If a particular town or city displeased the Mongolian Khan, everyone in the city would be killed to set an example for all other cities. This was early psychological warfare.
To refer to the nine strategic principles outlined above, the Mongol strategy was directed toward an objective that schwerpunkt main focus being the morale and mental state of the opposing population achieved through the offensive; this offensive was itself characterized by concentration of force, maneuver, surprise, and simplicity.
It was not until the 18th century that military strategy was subjected to serious study in Europe. Assailed from all sides by France, Austria, Russia and Sweden, Frederick exploited his central position, which enabled him to move his army along interior lines and concentrate against one opponent at a time.
Unable to achieve victory, he was able to stave off defeat until a diplomatic solution emerged. This section does not cite any sources.
Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. August Learn how and when to remove this template message The French Revolutionary Wars and the Napoleonic Wars that followed revolutionized military strategy.
With the advent of cheap small arms and the rise of the drafted citizen soldier, armies grew rapidly in size to become massed formations. This necessitated dividing the army first into divisions and later into corps.World War I pitted Germany, Austria-Hungary and the Ottoman Empire against Great Britain, the United States, France, Russia, Italy and Japan.
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Maps of Slovakia & Environs. Recommended for Genealogical Research. Contemporary | Historical | Place Names | Military | Place Name Terminology. The territories of present-day Slovakia were a part of Hungary for nearly 1, years, until the conclusion of World War I, which resulted in the demise of the Austria-Hungary Monarchy.
Prior to World War I, battles were fought with sabers and canons and guns that shot a few bullets before reloading was necessary. During World War I, the invention of new strategies and weapons caused mass destruction.
Read the essential details about the strategy and tactics in the First World War. Index Menu.
Sections include - The Schliefffen Plan, Patrols & Raids, Tunnelling, Snipers, Artillery Barrage, Cavalry Tactics, Chlorine Gas.
Russia's strategy: presuming Germany will focus on France, it proposed to immediately invade East Prussia. Due to dissents, this plan was altered before set to action: two armies would invade while the remaining 17 armies would defend Russia from the Austro-Hungarian Army.