FDR and his administration responded to the crisis by executing policies that would successfully address reform, relief, and, unsuccessfully, recovery.
History class last semester. I haven't been able to track down the documents as of yet, so as for now, you'll just have to read the essays without them and infer as you will. Fiction K - English - Chapters: In the span of a week, the economic system of Laissez-Faire Capitalism, responsible for making the United States what it was industrially at the expense of many, had broken the back of all but a few.
Unemployment rose drastically and foreclosures on housing became real problems, issues in the upcoming election of Herbert Hoover, Republican incumbent, was seen as a ideological stalwart, and never once tried to use any kind of governmental aid to soothe the plight of the American people because of his devotion to the Free Market.
However, Hoover would soon find himself out of office, replaced by a Democratic President known as Franklin D. After winning in a landslide victory over Hoover, FDR gave Americans hope of a New Deal, reforms, relief, and recovery operations to end the Depression and give the common man Ap us history dbq fdr essay voice in government and food in his stomach.
The New Deal was put into action in the "First One-Hundred Days", establishing many new programs and relief efforts to heal the wounds of the Depression, many of which are still in use today. Over the years, however, there has been criticism of the New Deal from all sides, but mostly from right-wing critics who, of course, saw the New Deal as an infringement upon the Free Market, when they themselves had no plan to deal with the Depression other than 'personal charity', which would not have helped more than a few people.
These critics discount the fact that a majority of the New Deal programs are responsible for getting the United States back on it's feet and preparing it to go into the Second World War, which finally got the United States out of the Depression.
The New Deal also characterized a change in the scope of the Federal Government, allowing for government intervention into business, something Conservatives fear oh so much, yet ignore the failure of the Laissez Faire system of the Gilded Age and s, not to mention the decreased regulation in our own time, post When addressing these criticisms, one should point only to the fruits of the New Deal to remedy criticism.
First, the conditions under Hoover need to be examined, as seen from the point of view of The New Masses, a Marxist publication, in which Meridel Lesueur criticizes the Hoover administration's lackluster response in helping not only men, but mostly a lackluster response in helping women as a whole, noting that there were many women out of work who were discriminated against by the male population in the midst of the crisis Document A.
Critics could dismiss this because of the source, a Marxist publication, but they cannot dismiss statistics, like those shown in Document J, which shows the overall unemployment rates of non-farm workers from untilwith the peak of the unemployment following the crash, and only beginning to fall after Hoover's leave from office and the initiation of the New Deal Document J.
Now, taking a step forward into the New Deal itself, the effectiveness must be weighed with the economic and political environment of the Roosevelt Administration. Under Roosevelt, the New Deal was implemented, and unemployment dropped from 12, people nearly 45 unemployment topeople 25 unemployment from to Document J.
If this doesn't show how effective the New Deal was, then nothing does. The effectiveness of the New Deal goes beyond lowering unemployment by half, though, it goes further, removing obstacles of the common man to organize for self-protection, creating Social Security to benefit all Americans, and helping to ease race tensions for the first time since Reconstruction.
The right to organize for self-protection, for the working man to form a Union to protect their rights, was restricted to the point of nonexistence in the anti-worker, pro-business administrations of the Republican-held s. To remedy this, and to increase support among the working man and help to relieve workers, Congress passed the National Labor Relations Act, or the Wagner Act.
This gave Unions the legal right to exist for the first time in American history, after decades of labor strife and government support of big business under Republican presidents. Lewis, labor leader and supporter of Roosevelt, gave an address on NBC, defending the act and the rights of workers to organize insaying, "Huge corporations, such as United States Steel and General Motors…have no right to transgress the law which gives the workers the right of self-organization and collective bargaining.
A noted one is Social Security, established during Roosevelt's second term. Social Security, which provides old age pensions for the elderly, remains an effective and useful program to this day, despite the problems it has because of population growth and the raiding of the trust fund to finance things it wasn't meant to finance.
The premise of the plan and program itself can be seen in Document E, which gives information on the program after it was first established Document E. Originally, the program was created to bring the elderly out of poverty, of which it did easily, bringing millions of the elderly out of poverty and further showing the effectiveness of the New Deal.
The New Deal, in many cases, was rather socially progressive as well as economically progressive. African Americans, which had been hurt by the Depression and made scapegoats by many, were among the hardest hit by the Depression, finding themselves now out of work and the possibility of being at the wrong end of a noose if they were singled out by the Ku Klux Klan in the Southern states.
The New Deal began to remedy this in ways not yet seen in American society, ones that would later give way to the Civil Rights movement of the s. African American workers were now given jobs alongside white workers all over the nation by the new relief programs established by the New Deal.
In an editorial in The Crisis, the NAACP's official publication, an author notes that "…For the first time in their lives, government has taken on a meaning and substance for the Negro masses…" Document I.
The New Deal didn't only stop there in terms of effectiveness, though, as can be seen in Document H, which shows that among the things done under the New Deal to combat poverty and eliminate unemployment, the government itself had been revitalized, and the American people had a real trust in government, following years of corruption under Republican rule Document H.
Critics of the New Deal need look no further to assess the effectiveness of the New Deal but to look to society at present, a society in which workers can freely organize and move for better working conditions, a society in which the elderly don't have to fear poverty because of a lack of an ability to work, and a society in which civil and equal rights are protected by our government.
Many critics, however, are more concerned with the arrival of "big government" on American shores, at least in their own, narrow-minded and ignorant view of what the New Deal did to protect American democracy and to save Capitalism from the Capitalists.
Critics of the increased regulation and fairness created by the New Deal are almost exclusively those who'd have probably voted Hoover into another term and loved his way of doing, or better yet, not doing, anything at all, and letting the Free Market handle everything.
Like modern day right-wing critics, the critics of the thirties and forties couldn't help themselves not to throw words like 'Socialism' and 'Communism' into the mix in attacking the New Deal, when the New Deal itself did much to preserve American Capitalism by getting industry back on it's feet.
This can be seen in Document B, which accuses the Roosevelt administration of promoting - surprise, surprise - Socialism and Communism Document B!AP® United States History Free-Response Questions The College Board The College Board is a not-for-profit membership association whose mission is to connect students to college success and opportunity.
Founded in , the College Board is composed of more than 5, schools, colleges, universities and other educational organizations. Ap Us History Fdr Dbq President Herbert Hoover, a Republican, had control of the United States from to , the beginning of the economic downfall. Hoover created a laissez-faire government; the government was not involved in everyday business, instead it was a very hands off approach and daily life just took its path.
apush dbq- fdr Having gone through severe unemployment, food shortages, and a seemingly remiss President Hoover, the American people were beginning to lose hope. But sentiments began to turn as FDR stepped into office and implemented his New Deal programs.
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