My fellow students and I gathered in the square that fateful summer, and were, at first, ill-supplied, unorganized and ineffective.
Steinberg's great cover depends for its force on the reality of what social psychologists call "cognitive maps. What is true of maps of places — that they differ according to the perspectives of the mapmakers — is certainly true of all conceptual maps.
To continue the map analogy, consider in this context the Bill of Rights ; is there an agreed upon "projection" of the concept? Is there even a canonical text of the Bill of Rights?
Does it include the first eight, nine, or ten Amendments to the Constitution? One is a stereo- typical member of the American Civil Liberties Union of which I am a card-carrying member ; the other is an equally stereo- typical member of the "New Right.
The other principal avenues would be the criminal procedures aspects of the Constitution drawn from the Fourth, 3 Fifth, 4 Sixth, 5 and Eighth 6 Amendments. Also depicted prominently would be the Ninth Amendment, 7 although perhaps as in the process of construction.
It is this last anomaly that I want to explore in this essay. The Politics Of Interpreting The Second Amendment To put it mildly, the Second Amendment is not at the forefront of constitutional discussion, at least as registered in what the academy regards as the venues for such discussion — law reviews, 13 casebooks, 14 and other scholarly legal publications.
As Professor Larue has recently written, "the second amendment is not taken seriously by most scholars. Neither, however, pays it the compliment of extended analysis.
Both marginalize the Amendment by relegating it to footnotes; it becomes what a deconstructionist might call a "supplement" to the ostensibly "real" Constitution that is privileged by discussion in the text.
He asserts that the history of the Amendment "indicate[s] that the central concern of [its] framers was to prevent such federal interferences with the state militia as would permit the establishment of a standing national army and the consequent destruction of local autonomy.
One will find extraordinarily little discussion about another one of the initial Bill of Rightsthe Third Amendment: The Third Amendment, to take the easiest case, is ignored because it is in fact of no current importance what whatsoever although it did, for obvious reasons, have importance at the time of the founding.
It has never, for a single instant, been viewed by any body of modern lawyers or groups of laity as highly relevant to their legal or political concerns. For this reason, there is almost no case law on the Amendment. The Second Amendment, though, is radically different from these other pieces of constitutional text just mentioned, which all share the attribute of being basically irrelevant to any ongoing political struggles.
To grasp the difference, one might simply begin by noting that it is not at all unusual for the Second Amendment to show up in letters to the editors of newspapers and magazines.The Wuhan Gang & The Chungking Gang, i.e., the offsprings of the American missionaries, diplomats, military officers, 'revolutionaries' & Red Saboteurs and the "Old China Hands" of the s and the herald-runners of the Dixie Mission of the s.
On 1 October , the National Day events unfolded with two clear stances. A protest of more than pro-Democracy supporters, was held outside the Main Street SkyTrain station in Vancouver, against the Tiananmen Square Massacre. Zeynally, editor of the independent daily Khural, was arrested in October , after a parliament member, Gyuler Akhmedova, accused him of bribery and regardbouddhiste.comova alleged that the editor had tried to extort 10, manat (US$12,) from her in August , according to regional and international press reports.
The Embarrassing Second Amendment Sanford Levinson University of Texas at Austin School of Law Reprinted from the Yale Law Journal, Volume 99, pp. One of the best known pieces of American popular art in this century is the New Yorker cover by Saul Steinberg presenting a map of the United States as seen by a New Yorker, As most readers can no doubt recall, Manhattan dominates .
- The Tiananmen Square Protests of in Beijing, China On June 3rd, in Tiananmen Square in Communist China’s capital of Beijing, protestors were silenced by military violence. Tiananmen, ironically, translates into “gate of heavenly peace”.
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