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Literary Terms Themes in Heart of Darkness Joseph Conrad's works generally deal with the themes of pursuit of meaning in a mysterious world, the separation of self in the new society, and the struggle between the civilization and barbarity. In his famous novella Heart of Darkness, he deals with some important themes like, colonialism and its effect, a journey to self-discovery, pretenses of colonialism, and the meaninglessness of evil.
Joseph Conrad One prime theme of Conrad in Heart of Darkness is colonialism and its effect on the Whites and the nonwhites. In the narration of Marlow, Conrad mentions the Roman conquest and thereby establishes the truth that the colonialism existed since the early period of human civilization.
In the novel, Kurtz, who is extremely hungry for the power and position, colonizes the interior of Africa called Congo. An individual's lust for wealth and possession, and a desire to suppress others can create colonialism.
In the name of civilizing and educating the natives, Kurtz is exercising his immense power to dominate them: He justifies his deed under the cover saying that he is bringing light in the lives of savages, but the irony is that he is overshadowed by the darkness of his own self, the primitive self.
The two symbols that the narrator mentions 'the sword' and 'the torch' refers to the ruthless force and the denial of the native culture by the pseudo light of civilization. Marlow's aunt has an idealistic opinion of imperialism. She is pleased and overjoyed thinking that she has become one part of the mission of civilization by sending Marlow as a 'worker' to the service of the trading Company.
She is of the opinion that the major objective of the colonization is to civilize the nonwhites of the interior of Africa. We can see the adverse effects of so called civilizing mission, and the colonialism on the lives of whites and the nonwhites.
Kurtz, one representative of white, cannot restrain his moral self in the process of colonizing and has himself become one of the savages. He has forgotten the prime motive of travelling to Africa and instead of educating the nonwhites, he himself has become a corrupted one.
He surrenders himself to the suppressed darkness of heart, his own primitive self which is more barbaric than the natives.
But another white, Marlow too has travelled to the same dark place, but he proves himself more reasonable. He is untouched by the effects of the prevailing darkness of Africa, though enchanted by its mystical power.
He learns the great lesson from the conversion of Kurtz and comes back to the world of light, one civilized world. The nonwhites are geographically exploited in the name of colonization; their territory is taken into the control of whites, which results in the restriction of their physical freedom.
They are economically sucked and the women of the nonwhites are sexually subjugated. The natural beauty of the lands of the natives is destroyed in the name of making railroads and planned settlement.
In this way, it is justifiable to say that colonialism is not at all right both for the whites and the nonwhites. Another equally important theme is a journey to the self-discovery.
Heart of Darkness is undoubtedly the story of a journey within.English Literature Essays, literary criticism on many authors, links to internet resources and bookshop. Yet another Start of Darkness for the Master in the Big Finish Doctor Who audio drama regardbouddhiste.comntly, it all goes back to when he and the Doctor were at the Academy, and he killed an older boy who was tormenting them.
Heart of Darkness: Cruelty David Yu In Joseph Conrad's book Heart of Darkness the Europeans are cut off from civilization, overtaken by greed, exploitation, and material interests from his own kind. Conrad develops themes of personal power, individual responsibility, and social justice.
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Heart Of Darkness Darkness Joseph Conrads Heart of Darkness is about Marlow Words: — Pages: 3 Two Themes In Heart Of Darkness and man's journey into self run through Heart of Darkness and actually become intertwined.