Land is heavily utilized for agriculture. Vegetables are planted on road embankments, in traffic triangles and right up the walls of many buildings. Even so since China has lost one fifth of its arable land.
Down on the Farm: His traditional tile-roofed home has a large, sun-soaked courtyard with a gaggle of chickens milling about and beehives built right into the open-air walls. Just across the lane lay the rice fields, crisscrossed with elevated paths—a little less than an acre he calls his own. His grain output has dropped off, particularly because he is now 70 years old.
And with his sons long since having moved to the city, the future of his little plot is uncertain.
The fundamentals are striking: Most of the work on these miniscule plots of land is done by hand, and by an increasingly elderly population of farmers who now average over 50 years old. It is unclear who will replace them, and the development of large, mechanized farms is hindered by a number of factors, including the hazy status of rural land rights.
While China’s belching factories hog the headlines, experts say agriculture rather than industry exerts the biggest toll on the environment. The effect is a downward spiral: poverty and land. In the s, though China's agriculture and rural economic development were confronted with many unprecedented difficulties and challenges, they maintained a fairly good momentum. In the five years, , the total increment of agriculture in the GDP came to 7, billion yuan. China’s agriculture industry, from the tiny rice plots tended by year-old grandfathers to the giant companies that are beginning to challenge global players like Nestle SA and Danone SA, is.
But the wheels of reform are turning. The government is making changes to rural land regulations and pushing private industry into the once off-limits agricultural sector to develop corporate farms. But as with any crop, the harvest is uncertain. Basic figures trace an inspiring profile.
Despite the tragedy of the Great Leap Forward famine fromby the start of the reform period inthat figure had tripled to million tons.
But although production had grown, collectivized farming was still vastly inefficient, and yields were often barely sufficient to feed the country. The so-called Household Responsibility System became a national policy in With commune farming a thing of the past and new opportunities for factory work appearing in the s, a major transformation took place.
Roughly million Chinese people have since left farming to live in the cities, but agricultural production has ballooned anyway. InChina produced million tons of grain, while last year it turned out million tons.
This attitude has been fading, not so much because the leadership no longer sees conflict as a possibility, but because of global economic realities. The price is too high. For farmers, staple crops such as rice and potatoes are very low-margin, and so many of them have switched to other products, including high-value vegetables or meat—Young notes that there is massive demand for better quality and more diverse food products from urbanites.
In practice, there is not much the state can do these days to battle the market and encourage more grain planting except implementing price floors via mass state purchasing.Sustainable agriculture in China: then and now The environmental impacts of China's agricultural production affect not just China, but also the global environment.
An IIED and China Agricultural University workshop explored examples and models that could help promote sustainable agricultural practices in China. Agriculture is a vital industry in China, employing over million farmers.
China ranks first in worldwide farm output, primarily producing rice, wheat, potatoes, tomato, sorghum, peanuts, tea, millet, barley, cotton, oilseed and soybeans. water-saving agriculture. Science and technology support: Play important role in feed Chinese people in future.
Increase agricultural inputs: Provide subsidy to farmers, increase inputs to agricultural production bases.
Agricultural industrialization: Organize small farmer to engage agricultural goods production, let the farmer get more benefits. Chinese Farmers.
About 35 percent of China's labor force is in agriculture (compared to percent in the U.S.). There are million agricultural workers ( million farming households) in China. This statistic shows leading Chinese agricultural companies on the Fortune China ranking in The ranking is based on total revenues in and has been released in July New Hope.
China’s Ministry of Agriculture to Spend USD million to Train Farmers Sep 6, Farmers Drones, Farmers, Ministry of Agriculture China will spend billion yuan ($ million) on its drive to professionalize farming, which the Minister of Agriculture claimed .